In the United States, fisheries are held to strict standards by the government. They must uphold 10 or more standards of sustainability. Keeping track of these fisheries and the work they are performing.
One standard ensures that the optimum yield is achieved without overfishing a certain region. Another standard states that the measures put in place to prevent overfishing are put forward based on the scientific information available at the given time.
In the United States alone, marine fisheries take up around 4.4 million square miles of ocean. These fisheries create jobs, add to domestic seafood supply, protect ecosystems, and support the economy. Some individual fishermen and local communities can get shares of the total catch.
Scientists analyse data from fisheries to determine which areas are close to being overfished, determining target harvest numbers, determining fishing capacity, and studying how fisheries affect local economies.